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Consent Agenda: Finding Time for Your Board to Discuss What Matters

© ReSolve, Inc. 2008

If you have read the articles on Governing for What Matters, you may be wondering, “How will our board find time to talk about what matters to our community? We barely have time to get through the things we are already discussing!”

If that sounds like your board, there is a tool you can use that will get you more time than you ever dreamed possible. It is called a Consent Agenda.

 Use It Today

To free the board’s time for discussing matters the board can actually have an effect upon (i.e. the future), a consent agenda is a tool that eliminates as much as ½ hour or more of reviewing what has happened in the past - things the board can do nothing about.

The consent agenda is a SINGLE ITEM that encompasses all the things the board would normally approve with little comment. The minutes. The financials (yes, the financials!). Program reports or CEO reports. Perfunctory items such as formal approval of a contract that has already been talked to death at past meetings.

All those items combine to become one item for approval - The Consent Agenda.

Your board’s agenda might therefore look like this:

Board Meeting Agenda

Item #1:


Item #2:

Consent Agenda

a) Minutes of prior meeting

b) Contract to retain HR Counsel

c) Financial report

d) Project status report

e) CEO report

Item #3:

Discussion Item:
Change recommended for XYZ Program


As a single item on the agenda, the consent agenda is voted on with a single vote - to approve the consent agenda.

The key to the Consent Agenda’s effectiveness, though, is that there is NO DISCUSSION of that item!

That’s right. All those things that would have taken 2 minutes here, 5 minutes there, 1 minute here - they are off the table in one vote. The vote sounds like this:


I move to approve the consent agenda.


I’ll second that motion.


There is a motion and a second to approve the consent agenda. All in favor, signify by saying “Aye.”

That’s it. NO discussion. And all those items that previously took ½ hour or more have now all been approved.

Because there will be no discussion of these items individually, using a consent agenda requires that board materials be provided in plenty of time for board members to read them all. AND it requires that they read those materials!

Handling Items That Require Discussion or Clarification
Sometimes a board member will read the board materials related to the Consent Agenda, and he will have a question he would like answered before he votes. Or he feels the issue still requires discussion before he would feel comfortable voting. Those are two distinct scenarios, and they receive two distinct treatments.

Items for Clarification or Questions
For items that require clarification, or for which a board member has a question, that clarification must be requested before the meeting. An item cannot be pulled from the consent agenda just to have a question answered. That sort of information gathering should happen ONLY before the meeting.

In that way, the person being asked the question has time to gather the information. (There is nothing worse than having an issue tabled for the next meeting, only because a question could not be answered then and there.) In addition, that clarification can then be sent to all board members, so everyone has the same information before the meeting.

This is particularly useful for clarifying the minutes, which often takes absurd amounts of time that could otherwise be spent in more meaningful discussion.

Items for Discussion
If there is an item about which a board member disagrees, or believes that item requires discussion, then a request is made at the board table to pull that one item from the Consent Agenda, and to add it to the regular agenda as an item to be discussed. The remainder of the Consent Agenda items are voted on and approved, and only that single item is held out for discussion.

“Ms. Chairwoman, I would like to request that the Item ‘c’ be pulled from the Consent Agenda for discussion.”

“All in favor of approving the Consent Agenda, minus Item ‘c,’ signify by saying Aye.”

Then Item ‘C’ will be discussed as a regular discussion item.

The Results
As a result of using a consent agenda, you will learn and your board will grow. First, you will learn that much of what you have been spending time on at board meetings is either perfunctory or has already happened and is therefore nothing the board can do anything about. That is often an eye-opener for a board.

But then, your board will have room to grow. You will have time to discuss the only thing that matters - the results you want to see in the community. The difference you want to be making. The values and parameters that will guide that work. The various ways you want to engage the community in that work, and the reasons for that engagement.

That is Governing for What Matters. It is a board holding itself accountable first for the end results it wants to see in the community, and then the means for accomplishing that.

And that may just make your meetings downright fun.

When your board has a tough decision to make, how do they know which is the right one? Click



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